Various design aspects influence the building performance such as architectural criteria, multiple environmental impacts and user behavior. Specific examples are sun, wind, temperatures, function, occupancy, socio-cultural aspects and other contextual aspects and needs. Even though these aspects are acknowledged to be variable, conventional buildings are conceived to provide one design solution, represented in a static configuration. Due to the changes in needs and context, a static building cannot guarantee the same level of performances over time. This will lead to a discrepancy between the building and the environment. On a long term, this discrepancy is currently approached through refurbishment and transformations; on the short term this discrepancy is currently tackled through minor refurbishment and installations. However, conventional buildings are not designed for adaptation to contextual aspects and needs. Current adaptation on both short and long term will lead to a considerable amount of effort and costs. The Adaptive Building System group focuses on the instant adaptation of the building, in order to facilitate an effortless adaptation to context and needs. Different levels of adaptation are defined within our research group.



Within the Adaptive Building Systems group different aspects of design, realization and use of adaptive building systems are focused upon.

Issues of research are:



  • Bio inspired design/ biomimcry
  • Performative Design
  • Digital Design


  • Indoor climate
  • Sensory and perception
  • User-building interaction


  • Kinetic structures
  • Smart materials
  • Sustainability


The purpose of this collaboration is knowledge transfer between the different levels and disciplines within the subject of adaptive building systems. Two main levels are approached based on interdisciplinary collaborations: the integral interdisciplinary design process and the integration in architecture of advanced technical solutions. On the design process level, an integral design approach is in fact needed while tackling building performances; on the other hand, developments in different fields on the level of technological innovation should be integrated on the architectural level.


Team members:


Prof. Patrick Teuffel, Dr. Ing.

Department: Building Technology-Architectural Engineering

Keywords: Adaptive Systems, Smart Materials


Lidia Badarnah, MSc.

Department: Building Technology- Design of Construction

Keywords: biomimcry, bio inspired architecture


Michela Turrin, M. Arch.

Department: Building Technology- Informatics

Research title: A digital approach for the conceptual design of reconfigurable structures for passive solar strategies

Keywords: adaptive modular structures, passive solar, performance-oriented parametric design


Christian Friedrich, MSc
Department: Hyperbody
Research title: Immediate Architecture
Keywords: real-time design, interactive architecture, fabrication streams, raplexity


Nora Schueler, MSc

Department: Hyperbody

Research title: Sensory perception to design and enhance interactive emotive architecture

Keywords: adaptive architecture, interactivity, sensory perception, emotion research


Tomasz Jaskiewicz, MSc

Department: Hyperbody
Research title: Towards interactive architecture as a complex adaptive system

Keywords: interactive architecture, multi-agent building systems, design-fabrication-performance integration


Noortje Alders, Msc.

Department: Building Technology- Climate Design

Research title: Sustainable Comfort Systems for Dwellings

Keywords: Adaptive Comfort, Adaptive Dwelling, Sustainable Technology


Charlotte Lelieveld, MSc.

Department: Building Technology- Architectural Engineering

Research title: The use of dynamic materials for the realization of an interactive architecture.

Keywords: Dynamic/ Smart materials, interactive architecture, Adaptive architecture


Florian Heinzelmann, Dipl.Ing., M.Arch.

Department: Building technology- Architectural Engineering

Research Title: Adaptive day lighting modulation by Smart Geometries and Material Systems Performance based Parametric-Associative Design, Light simulation, Material Systems



Responsible for the editorial contents of this website: Prof. Dr.-Ing. Patrick Teuffel, Postbus 5043, NL-2600 GA Delft,